GE SMART GRID SOLUTIONS UNDERLINE MOVE TO CLOUD COMPUTING
General Electric’s Grid IQ is moving to “cloud-based” hosted services is setting up a central set of smart grid applications. The concept is simple, set up smart grid applications so that the utilities can use them “a la carte” for a monthly fee. The applications and the data reside with the supplier’s site and the utilities tap into those apps over the Internet. This approach provides efficient management of personnel, improved security, expandability, and lower capital costs. Essentially, the supplier takes the expense of buying the servers, hiring the personnel and installing the software. The utility simply pays for the monthly fee.
WINDY DATA ON THE FLY
Cloud computing is relatively new data storage that puts information in a virtual “cloud” of servers in multiple locations. Engineers at NYSERDA and AMD realized that data could be easily be moved, it could be transported to a location where energy is the cleanest using wind power and solar power. A group’s Performance Optimized Data Center (POD) system could be built near an already existing wind farm where energy is the cheapest.
SMART GRID RACE INTENSIFIES
Energy leaders in Daegu, South Korea, is pushing ahead on smartgrid technology development project on South Korea’s Jeju Island. This project will be the world’s largest smart grid system when complete. CEO of KEPCO Joong-Kyum Kim said, “Not only is the country at an exciting stage in its energy development as it seeks to increase its reliance on nuclear power, LNG and sustainable energy sources, but its is also located in the world’s most dynamic energy region.”
TAIWAN POWER QUIETLY GETTING THE SMART GRID RIGHT?
The Taiwan utility appears to be well positioned to modernize a grid in the future that is more reliable than many other nations’ systems.
Taiwan Power Corporation (TPC) administered through the Bureau of Energy (BOE) part of the Ministry of Economic Affairs is negotiation a 20-year $4 billion smart grid investment program. The program’s objectives are the following: 1) Ensure continued high reliability. 2) Encourage conservation and emissions reduction. 3) Enhance the use of green energy by improving interconnection capacity to 30 percent by 2030. 4) Develop a low-carbon smart grid industry that ultimately generates $30 billion in value.
About $2.74 billion of the $4 billion investment is targeted for AMI, with $800 million to distribution automation and smart substations. The remainder will be used for emissions reduction programs.
Already, seventy percent of Taiwan’s distribution system is automated with future plans to integrate SCADA systems with distribution automation control system through the utility’s Common Information Model.
SECURITY IN CLOUD DEPLOYMENTS IN AREAS LIKE POWER GRID IS A RISK
Security has been always talked about when it comes to cloud deployment and becomes even more sensitive in areas like power grid. Here, the concept of main cloud and sub cloud comes in handy as it limits the authority and resource allocation and makes privilege and resource control more feasible. Also, cloud node of a certain level can get resources from local nodes and its sibling nodes can only get resources from its father node under special conditions. Data security is thus realized through the corresponding encryption, authentication, and disaster tolerance techniques.
INDIA REPORTS TOP 3 MARKETS FOR SMART GRID WORLDWIDE
Most industry reports consistently estimate India as among the top 3 markets for smart grid worldwide, next only to China and the US. All the major players of the smart grid market are active in India and beefing up their plans and investments.
How Cloud Compliments Smart Grid
Till recently there was not much focus on how a revolutionary technology like cloud can transform or impact another revolutionary concept like smart grid that is transforming the face of the power industry. However that is changing as both the government and the industry realize the synergy between these two concepts and there is increasing interest in exploring and understanding how cloud could be the next frontier that could take smart grid to newer heights. A wide range of services across all levels of respective grids.
The 4 layers of this application model are:
CHINA AGGRESSIVELY BUILDS “CLOUD CITIES” SPENDING $634 BILLION
China is amid an aggressive build-out of “cloud cities”. Driven by China’s 12th Five Year Plan with anticipated spending of RMB 4 trillion ($634 billion), cloud computing should be seen as part of China’s overall strategy to move from being the “world’s factory”. China has driven an ambitious coordination to link cloud centers with new software development and winning international investment streams from IBM, Apple, Intel Cisco, Microsoft and others. As a new economic hub in southwestern China, the government of Chengdu has invested in its new Tianfu Software Park with some 9,000 software developers on a single campus. Announced in March 2012, three Chinese telco giants (China Mobile, China Telecom and China Unicom) will invest RMB 300 billion ($47 billion) in data centers in Chengdu in Sichuan